Bibi ergo sum: the effects of a placebo and contextual alcohol cues on motivation to drink alcohol christiansen, paul , townsend, gareth , knibb, graeme and field, matt (2017) bibi ergo sum: the effects of a placebo and contextual alcohol cues on motivation to drink alcohol. Resistance to corrections occurs regardless of initial belief accuracy, but the effect is strongest among those who find the contextual information objectionable or threatening. The effects of stereotype threat and contextual cues on alcohol users' inhibitory control rate (incorrect responses) and response times only control participants' data was analyzed to examine the influence of contextual cues on inhibitory control (irrespective of stereotype threat) a 2. Effects of contextual cues in recall and recognition memory: the misinformation effect reconsidered british journal of psychology, aug 2007, vol 98 issue 3, p485-498, 14p contact the publisher, british psychological society, to access this article. From the few studies that have examined effects of depth cues on accuracy with graph-like stimuli in one study, spence (1990) assessed accuracy judgments with seven different graph types and the graphical context in which an element occurs can produce distortions in judgments of color, angle, size, and orientation.
The results indicated that the use of contextual cues significantly improved the performance of the subjects on the celi (carrow, 1974b) the order of presentation was not found to significantly affect the number of errors in this experiment. Effects of congruent and incongruent contextual cues on the learning and retention of paired-associates by clarence j jeffrey thesis presented to the faculty of. (3) contextual cues being equally adequate, subjects reading, in contrast to listening to, the sentences will better infer and remember the contextual meanings of unfamiliar words (4) the higher the scores of word inference, the better the retention of the contextual meanings of the target words.
Journal of communication issn 0021-9916 original article undermining the corrective effects of media-based political fact checking the role of contextual cues and naïve theory. Title = the influence of contextual cues on cultural bias in music memory, abstract = we have ample evidence of cultural bias influencing music cognition in a variety of ways including memory the purpose of this study was to explore the influence of various musical elements on westernborn listeners' cross-cultural recognition memory. According to dr bjork, variability in study context will give a learner more potential retrieval cues to remember information in addition, recreating a situation similar to the one a particular memory was formed in will aid memory retrieval for some memories - especially over long periods of time. Contextual effects of binocular depth cues and shadow-based depth cues on motion interpretation you will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the literature you can manage this and all other alerts in my account. Todorović, context effects in visual perception, review of psychology, 2010, vol 17, no 1, 17-32 any changes in the target itself, but due to changes in its context.
Previous work has shown that sound can affect the perception of visual fidelity here we build upon this previous work by examining the effect of contextual sound cues (ie, sounds that are. Rationale acute ‘priming’ doses of alcohol reliably increase alcohol-seeking behaviour in social drinkers however, the effects of the anticipated (rather than pharmacological) effects of alcohol, and their interaction with contextual alcohol cues, are not well understood. Nevertheless, replicating this study simultaneously across various policy contexts and media formats (eg, newspaper, television) would provide further evidence about the role of contextual cues in fact checking and corrective effects. Several studies have shown that sensory contextual cues can reduce the interference observed during learning of opposing force fields however, because each study examined a small set of cues, often in a unique paradigm, the relative efficacy of different sensory contextual cues is unclear in the present study we quantify how seven contextual cues, some investigated previously and some novel.
Removing context-specific visual cues in the training versus the testing context the strong effects of vision on transfer could be due to the removal of vision during adaptation (ie, training) and/or the removal of vision during over ground walking (ie, over ground testing. Visual cues are pictures - cartoons, clip art, things like this that you read and understand without words contextual cues are the meanings you derive from reading words within a sentence and understanding what the whole is about. Aim: previous research indicates that users of illicit substances exhibit diminished cognitive function under stereotype threat advancing this research, the current study aimed to examine the effects of stereotype threat on alcohol users’ inhibitory control it also examined whether drinkers.
Effects of craving and drd4 vntr genotype on the relative value of alcohol effects of craving and drd4 vntr genotype on the relative value of alcohol: an initial human laboratory study cue reactivity and its relation to craving and relapse in alcohol dependence. The contextual cueing effect is a learning phenomenon where repeated exposure to a specific arrangement of target and distractor items leads to progressively more efficient search theoretical further suggesting the inherent aspect of the contextual cue effect. To explore how contextual information streams are processed and prioritized during consumer studies, we manipulated the congruency of visual, auditory and olfactory cues using immersive technologies and assessed the impact on context recall, evaluation time, and preference and liking for cold brewed coffee.
First, in the absence of contextual cues, an oblique effect could be expected, with a better precision for vertical production, relative to oblique production second, the contextual cues could affect the production of orientations and the oblique effect more precisely, in the presence of congruent contextual cues, the oblique effect could be. Substance-related contextual cues have been shown to change alcohol-related cognitions (monk and heim 2013) cohol and the effects of contextual cues is to the detri- the effects of a placebo and contextual alcohol cues on motivation to drink alcohol. Title = factors affecting contextual modulations of the gestalt configural cues, abstract = the gestalt configural cues of convexity and symmetry affect the likelihood that a region will be seen as a figure as opposed to a background. Cerned with the effects of more than one item-specific contextual cue, and none has examined what, if any, effect the changing of specific contextual cues might have in a later test of retention.
The use of context cues in reading by: louise spear-swerling when children encounter an unfamiliar word in reading, they may make use of context cues, that is, information from pictures or from sentences surrounding the unknown word. Effects of contextual cues and support requirements of multimedia animation on children's english learning abstract: this study sought to explore the effects of contextual cues and support requirements of multimedia animation on children's english learning. The effect of linguistic context on eas benefit was revealed by comparing the gain (ppg or ng) between two types of speech materials that contained greater or lesser amounts of contextual cues.